1. Voting and population data were obtained at the county level and aggregated up to state-level media markets.
2. Voting data come from the America Votes series
3. (e.g., Scammon, McGillivray, and Cook 2001); population data from the 1990 and 2000 censuses and were interpolated for intervening election years to allow us to estimate turnout rates for these contests.
4. Information about the geographic boundaries of the media markets as they existed in 2000 was coded from Nielsen Media Research’s map of designated market areas during 2000–2001 (Nielsen 2001).
5. Information about presidential and vice-presidential visits to each media market come from Althaus, Nardulli, and Shaw (2002).
6. Voter contact data are derived from the 2000 Annenberg survey.
7. Television advertising data come from the Campaign Media Analysis Group (CMAG), a media-tracking firm that uses satellite technology to monitor television advertising.
Suggested citation: “Krasno, Jonathan S., Donald P. Green (2008) replication Materials for ‘Do Televised Presidential Ads Increase Voter Turnout? Evidence from a Natural Experiment.’ http://hdl.handle.net/10079/5mkkwqv; http://hdl.handle.net/10079/f4qrfrv; http://hdl.handle.net/10079/1zcrjn1; http://hdl.handle.net/10079/jwstqsd; http://hdl.handle.net/10079/9cnp5rb; http://hdl.handle.net/10079/x69p8mq. ISPS Data Archive.”
Academic, non-commercial. See /research-2/data/terms-of-use/