Sources of Bias in Retrospective Decision Making: Experimental Evidence on Voters’ Limitations in Controlling Incumbents

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Suggested citation: 

Huber, Gregory A., Seth J. Hill, & Gabriel S. Lenz (2012). Replication Materials  for ‘Sources of Bias in Retrospective Decision Making: Experimental Evidence on Voters’ Limitations in Controlling Incumbents,’ ISPS Data Archive


Seth J. Hill, Gabriel S. Lenz, Gregory Huber

Research design: 
Data type: 
Data source(s): 


Data source information: 


Field date: 
March 24, 2011
Field Date: 
2011-03-24 - 2012-03-06
Location details: 
United States
Unit of observation: 
Sample size: 
Experiment 1 = 965 Experiment 2 = 1,003 Experiment 3 = 1,024
U.S. residents over the age of 18; removed 31% of potential participants who failed either of two screener questions.
Randomization procedure: 
Randomization at level individual participant
Experiment 1 : Prior to round 1 or after round 12, inform participant that the retention decision occurs in round 16. Experiment 2: Lottery held at round 8 or round 16. Lottery payout of -5000, 0, or 5000 tokens. Participant informed lottery is unrelated to Allocator. Experiment 3: After round 16, on same screen as retention decision, participant is primed with hedonic, informational, or no prime.
Treatment administration: 
Web delivered
Outcome measures: 
Evaluation of the incumbent’s performance
Archive date: 
Owner contact: 


Terms of use: 

ISPS Data Archive: Terms of Use

Area of study: 
Data file numbersort descending Description File format Size File url
D093F001 ReadMe file Adobe Acrobat (10.0.3) .pdf 43008 Download file
D093F002 ReadMe file Adobe Acrobat (10.0.3) .pdf 47104 Download file
D093F003 Data file - incumbentGameData Stata (13.0) .dta 605270 Download file
D093F004 Data file - incumbentGameData csv 936921 Download file
D093F006 Data file - VaryingInstructions Stata (13.0) .dta 373760 Download file
D093F007 Data file - VaryingInstructions csv 215040 Download file
D093F009 Data file - VaryingLottery Stata (13.0) .dta 631718 Download file
D093F010 Data file -VaryingLottery csv 1230663 Download file
D093F012 Data file - VaryingPrime Stata (13.0) .dta 946654 Download file
D093F013 Data file - VaryingPrime csv 1255317 Download file
D093F015 Data file - VaryingLotteryExperiment4 Stata (13.0) .dta 996352 Download file
D093F016 Data file - VaryingLotteryExperiment4 csv 664576 Download file
D093F018 Data file - forR-Stacked Stata (13.0) .dta 4185001 Download file
D093F019 Data file - forR-Stacked csv 6639800 Download file
D093F021 Data file - forR-VaryingLottery Stata (13.0) .dta 1105612 Download file
D093F022 Data file - forR-VaryingLottery csv 1895898 Download file
D093F024 Program file - VaryingInstructionsV2 Stata (13.0) .do 15360 Download file
D093F025 Program file - VaryingLotteryV2 Stata (13.0) .do 11264 Download file
D093F026 Program file - VaryingPrimeV2 Stata (13.0) .do 16384 Download file
D093F027 Program file - VaryingLotteryExperiment4 Stata (13.0) .do 13312 Download file
D093F028 Program file - StackedAnalysis Stata (13.0) .do 17408 Download file
D093F029 Program file - StackedRobustnessChecks Stata (13.0) .do 1792 Download file
D093F030 Program file - RecodeIncumbentGameData Stata (13.0) .do 8192 Download file
D093F031 Program file - RunAllAnalysisV2 Stata (13.0) .do 2048 Download file
D093F032 Program file - endBiasPlots-replication R 10240 Download file
D093F033 Supplementary Materials - Appendix Adobe Acrobat (10.0.3) .pdf 710656 Download file
D093F035 ReadMe File .txt 1628 Download file
D093F036 Program file .do 3377 Download file
D093F037 Metadata (DDI 3.2) .xml 5003417 Download file