Susan D. Hyde and Nikolay Marinov (2014), Replication Materials for ‘Information and Self-Enforcing Democracy: The Role of International Election Observation.’ http://hdl.handle.net/10079/pvmcvst. ISPS Data Archive.
Authors; National Elections across Democracy and Autocracy (NELDA)
Data source information:
October 1, 2006
Unit of observation:
NELDA: 2,676 Protests: 150
The NELDA data set includes information on more than 2600 election events in 157 countries. This represents all independent states with a population greater than 500,000 between 1945 and 2006. All elections for national office are included. Referenda are generally excluded unless they are votes on the continued rule of a specific individual. Elections are excluded if electoral competition is not allowed and elections held in twenty-one long-term consolidated democracies are also excluded. Elections in which electoral competition is not allowed are defined as those in which there is no opposition, opposition is illegal, or there is no choice of candidate on the ballot.
Protest (a binary indicator equal to 1 if “there were riots and protests after the election” that “involved allegations of vote fraud”)
Area of study: