Study 1: N = 386 Study 2: N = 1,140
Voters in the districts of the cooperating state legislators.
We conducted baseline surveys of registered voters in each legislator’s district, querying their positions on their legislator’s four issues and their approval of their legislator. TargetSmart Communications provided the voter lists and Winning Connections conducted the surveys. When constituents already agreed with a legislator on all four issues, we dropped them from the study. Less than five percent of the subjects fell in this category.
Receiving a position-taking letter or not and, in the second study, in what manner this position was justified.
(Mail) Cooperating state legislators randomized the letters they sent out to constituents. Legislators sent the assigned letters from their legislative offices, on their official letterhead, and in envelopes clearly marked as coming from the state capitol
1) Opinion agreement with legislator 2) Approval of legislator