The Causal Effects of Elite Position-Taking on Voter Attitudes: Field Experiments with Elite Communication

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David E. Broockman and Daniel M. Butler

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Suggested citation: “Broockman, David E. and Daniel M. Butler (2015) Replication Materials for ‘The Causal Effects of Elite Position-Taking on Voter Attitudes,’ ISPS Data Archive.”

Field date: 
June 15, 2013
Unit of observation: 
Sample size: 
Study 1: N = 386 Study 2: N = 1,140
Voters in the districts of the cooperating state legislators.
Randomization procedure: 
We conducted baseline surveys of registered voters in each legislator’s district, querying their positions on their legislator’s four issues and their approval of their legislator. TargetSmart Communications provided the voter lists and Winning Connections conducted the surveys. When constituents already agreed with a legislator on all four issues, we dropped them from the study. Less than five percent of the subjects fell in this category.
Receiving a position-taking letter or not and, in the second study, in what manner this position was justified.
Treatment administration: 
(Mail) Cooperating state legislators randomized the letters they sent out to constituents. Legislators sent the assigned letters from their legislative offices, on their official letterhead, and in envelopes clearly marked as coming from the state capitol
Outcome measures: 
1) Opinion agreement with legislator 2) Approval of legislator
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Data file numbersort descending Description File format Size File url
D138F001 ReadMe file .txt 2048 Download file
D138F002 Data file - study 1 Stata 13 .dta 561152 Download file
D138F003 Data file - study 2 Stata 13 .dta 586752 Download file
D138F004 Data file - study 1 .csv 337920 Download file
D138F005 Data file - study 2 .csv 438272 Download file
D138F006 Program file Stata 13 .do 30720 Download file
D138F007 Supplementary Materials - codebook .rtf 28672 Download file
D138F008 Codebook - study 1 .xml 51200 Download file
D138F009 Codebook - study 2 .xml 39936 Download file
D138F010 Metadata record Adobe Acrobat (10.0.3) .pdf 166124 Download file